the new administration assumed into office, the new buzz word akin
to Pres. Estrada is "Kaunlaran para sa lahat. Mahalaga bawat
isa". This was taken as a new economic battlecry meant to accelerate
economic and employment growth biased on the poor.
of this goal, DTI launched the Developing Rural Industries and Village
Enterprises (DRIVE) Program. It aims to coordinate a countryside
centered, market-driven, agro-industrialisation efforts that will
strengthen the domestic base to maintain industry’s global competitiveness,
and at the same time create more opportunities for both small annd
medium entrepreneurs, especially in the countryside.
emphasis of the program is to encourage and develop entrepreneurs
through various identified interventions depending on the specific
needs of the area. Rural industries and village enterprises will
be linked to large and long-term projects to effect full economies
- Prior to
the DRIVE Program launching in Cebu, the DTI-Cebu Provincial Office,
taking the hint of the Department’s new mandate under a new president
and the leadership of a new secretary that is commited to countryside
economic development with preferential option for the poor, initiated
the project by touching base with Representative Joseph Felix
Mari "Ace" Durano.
- A major collaborative
agreement was realised since DTI’s DRIVE comes in consonance with
Representative Durano’s centerpiece commitment to his constituents
which is the Barangay Comprehensive Development (BACOD) Program.
- With a private-sector
led project in mind, DTI-Cebu and the Office of Rep. Durano tapped
an NGO, the Cebu Industrial Builders Multi-purpose Cooperative
to look for the viability of developing the essential oil industry
in Sogod’s largest barangay. The project, when found out to be
technically feasible was immediately pursued.
- To assure
the finished products’ marketability, again DTI-Cebu tapped the
largest single consumer of Citronella oil in Cebu, the International
Pharmaceuticals, Inc., under the Small Brother-Big Brother concept.
Hence the realisation of the project under a multi-party agreement.
project is not new to DTI-Cebu. In 1989, one of its staff, designed
two extractors for Tuburan Multi-Purpose Cooperative and the Boljoon
Farmers Association. This pilot project was made under the auspices
of the then newly
DTI-CARP Program. The extractors that are still existing today are
too conventional that they make use of firewood as fuel to propel
the equipment. Oil recovery is only less than a liter per 100-150
kilos of citronella grass. Extraction time takes about four hours.
The project despite its infancy however, were deemed viable. It
benefitted approximately 600 farmers from the two pilot areas.
its initial success, DTI realised the industry’s readiness to take
the challenge of producing citronella oil to supply the industry
requirement. It collaborated with the DOST in a MOA asking the latter
to fabricate 11 citronella oil extractors intended for farmer-beneficiaries
under the CARP. DOST however, due to lack of manpower complement
and some faults in the design, decided to waived its commiitment
in the moa. The growth of the industry at that point stagnated,
for while the needs of the local manufacturers alone keep on increasing,
local suppliers are not even capable of satisfying 20 % of the requirements
of a single manufacturer.
1993, DTI-Cebu contracted a fabricator from Nagcarlan, Laguna to
design a more improved oil extractor. The extractor was again given
to Tuburan MPC. It is capable of producing 1 liter of oil from 100
to 150 kilos of citronella. Processing time per load is 3 to 4 hours.
high efficiency ratio of the Laguna prototype is the basis of the
Cebu Industrial Builders MPC in designing their own prototype for
the Cabalawan Extraction Project. It however modified some features
to shorten the processing period from the usual 4 hours to about
1 ½ hours. Oil quality and production efficiency were also improved.
This extractor now uses Liquified Petroleum Gas (LPG) instead of
the conventional firewood.
the existing demand for citronella oil in Cebu is estimated at 3,000
to 4,000 liters per month. The total available local supply as produced
by Tuburan and Boljoon is only about 300 liters. The rest of the
industry’s requirements are sourced out from imports. International
Pharmaceuticals accounts to approximately 2,000 liters of cebu’s
demand for essential oils.
Cabalawan Extraction Project intends to benefit about 180 farmers.
It will direcly employ more than 20 people and possibly integrate
other entrepreneurship or livelihood related projects. A dairy enterprise
project for example, is very suitable in the area. This, if realised
will enable the extraction project to operate using the biogas technology
as its power source.
View D.R.I.V.E Flyer )